TimeMachine is better for the shorter term, more frequent updates and closer to the machine at all times and bootable clones are better for more advanced options, hardware protection gets the machine up again fast and longer periods between updates, saving a bootable clone offsite someplace safely.
If your location gets burglarized, the thieves will likely take your always connected TimeMachine drive with your computer. The clone offsite will save you depending when it was last updated. Most files restored is better than nothing. If your hard drive dies, the TimeMachine drive won't assist as it's not bootable.
A clone is bootable and will get up and running again in seconds.
If you get malware, it likely will infect you TM drive as it's connected more often, but a clone gets connected less often usually, so it will tend to be safer. With clones, the drive is completely accessible from any computer Mac, Windows with MacDrive, or a Linux PC to grab any file s at any time. However with TimeMachine the software run only on recent Mac's.
So your data is trapped basically, accessing the drive directly is extremely difficult and if a Time Machine drive gets corrupted, it's quite a mess to recover your data out if it or to a older Mac or non-Apple computer. The right thing for Apple to do is create TimeMachine software for Windows PC's as you may not be able to buy a new Mac the next time around, or require a Windows PC for a job, now your files are trapped. So think clone as a rather large basket of salvation for many situations. However some backup with TimeMachine is better than No backup. Seasoned users may use both.
More seasoned users may have multiple clones only, even also a partitioned boot drive that auto-clones A to B at certain periods. Although some may take the time to store great deals of information with cloud based services, your ISP which connects you to the Internet tends to reduce your upload speed to a fraction of your download speed. So it makes this impractical as a backup all but for small uses on a constant basis. There also is a privacy and security risk with data stored with online services. It also requires the Internet for access, which may or not be available.
Why Back Up Your PC?
The advantages is syncing data across devices and places, offers another solution to keeps one's user files. I would keep online backups restricted to users files because much more than that is simply going to take a long time to complete if it ever does. The potential problems with Cloud storage are unnecessary risks for little gain in return compared to local storage you control. Hackers can alter your data, setting you up, RIAA deciding you don't own the music files you uploaded from your cd rips, or law enforcement looking at your files and using them as incomplete and inaccurate evidence.
No warrant needed to search the cloud, they can do it anytime they like. Unlike local storage in your home, office or safe deposit box that does require a warrant. You already signed it away. In the end, he added, it all comes down to control: If you insist on using the cloud, also make local backups as you will need them. Eventually you'll realize that time is wasted uploading to cloud storage and just another consumer fad with no basis in practicality. Servers have stored data for ages, there is a time, purpose and place for them that really doesn't jive well with most consumers use of their machines.
Don't hold much as storage drives, but these are permanently burned some are rewriteable physical copies of your data on disks that can be stored or send one way in a physical fashion. The Mac can't play, read or write BlueRay at this time, however external options are available. AudioCD's can be created in iTunes for playback on audio cd players, this doesn't make a good backup method for music.
DataDVD's and CD's can be created in iTunes if so contain all the song info for backup, or in the Mac's Finder for making a backup of other personal files like pictures, movies etc. To burn video DVD's, one needs special software to take the finished movie product and convert that into a format that the DVD player can read. If you value your data, in addition to making clones, storage drives and TM, that you also make DataCD's and DVD's label and date them and keep in a very super safe offsite location, every 6 months or sooner intervals depending how much you buy or generate.
This is because of theft, burglary, fire, natural disaster, electrical problems, hackers etc. Also because of slow creep issues, you might not have realized that a portion of your music or files might have gotten corrupted and your going to thank yourself that you made archived versions. It used to be that some machines only supported one format or the other, so if you have older machines it's best to check first. Most Mac's now all have dual layer disk burning capacity.
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Note that Mac's are finicky when it comes to their CD's and DVD's, buy the small pack and try some out or borrow some and see what works good with your Mac before buying the big case. Also try to never put back a CD or DVD into the new container, once you take it out consider it used and place it in with other used media with a plastic case to protect it.
A soft clean cloth or back in the plastic case where it's elevated by the hole in the center where you should be handing the disk or by the edges. Don't place the bottom of the cd into contact with anything that can scratch, dirty or mar it's bottom area, including your fingers as they contain skin oils, use a case when not in use. Don't stick a cd mini into a slot loading Mac, it's not designed for that and will get stuck in there, use the standard size disks only.
These are smaller flash not Flash the web browser plug-in memory based USB port powered storage drives used quite commonly for transferring files between computers. USB thumb drives wear out and are easily lost or tossed in the wash, so do not depend upon them for permanent uses. Also because they don't have a label on them, you can't tell what's on them before connecting to a machine, and thus infecting your computer with malware.
Port powered devices sometimes can draw more power and the Mac can shut it off, meaning your backups might not occur or if they do, they can get corrupted as the backup doesn't finish. So ideally, please use self powered drives for backups over port powered, or if you can't help but need a port powered, also use self powered as a additional backup and a powered USB hub. Smaller port powered drives should be used as temporary transfer drives, not as permanent storage.
Filevault is great way to encrypt all your contents of your drive, supposedly so if you lose your Mac the data can't be recovered. Filevault can also slow down the performance of your Mac as the CPU is busy encrypting and decrypting everything back and forth to the storage drive. Also you need to have the room on the startup hard drive to be able to send the newly encrypted data too, it obviously can't write to the same spot on the drive that contains your unencrypted data until it's finished. If your going to choose performance robbing Filevault, please do so when you first setup the machine or "fresh install" if all possible, or suffer later when try to create Bootcamp partitions etc which need a nice large space at the bottom of the drive.
In other words as time passes and your hard drive fills up with data and other User accounts , the harder and more problematic to enable Filevault and the more trouble you will have. Filevault isn't exactly private, the password will be required to repair your machine if it suddenly doesn't work or by law enforcement, customs etc. You may want to consider using a alternate encryption method than Filevault to better suit your needs, which Filevault is more for government and corporate types than for most ordinary folks with only a folder or two of data they want to remain private.
Just encrypt a single folder of files , software can do this. This is more likely the better option for most users of computers due to their ability to be easily transferred like any other file. Self encrypting external storage drives. Use with any computer that can read the decrypted files. No software running on the computer means more security and stability. Good for large scale portability of lots of encrypted files, like in medical field http: Good for going back and forth from work sharing files between home and office.
Disk Utility encrypted image, Open Disk Utility and click on "New Image" a window appears to create the size and encryption method. Due to hidden databases Apple maintains on more recent versions of OS X, and many new Mac's coming with SSD's and Fusion hybrid drives with flash memory, if you have secure erase needs it's best to remove and retain physical control over the storage in your machine if posssible or allowed.
Only some older Mac's can the storage be upgraded or removed by the user, newer Mac's are nealry all sealed up and non-user accessible. In other words if you have sensitive data you don't want anyone to see, your machine is broken and needs repair, if you can't self remove the storage yourself, then don't take the machine in for service period. The NSA approved method for secure destruction of sensitive data on any solid state storage is grinding it up into a fine powder. Keep your sensitive files off the Mac onto a external drive and don't include it in TimeMachine backups.
Secure erase data on a Solid State Drive?
- Is Time Machine still the best Mac backup software? | MacRumors Forums.
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May 17, 5: Not so. That's what the "Star Wars" display is for. May 19, 9: Consumers complained. My advice: That said, there are sweet spots. Only the very best internal SSDs now offer consumer 5-year and professional year warranties , though notably with much less storage space than the drives covered in this article. Go with a G-Drive if you need a large reliable drive, or T1 if you want something small and reliable. The first two use 3. Both use USB 3. Cloud options still in the software even if you didn't buy the cloud service. Runs lots of backup processes.
Doesn't restore directly to Facebook. Its interface is the friendliest in the game, yet it still lets experts dig into very detailed backup options. Fast image-style backups of disk partitions or whole disks. Enterprise-level reliability. Multiple options for restoring or viewing files. Powerful hardware-independent restore feature smoothes recovery of data to different machines. Dated interface. Sparse explanations of advanced features.
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Solid security. Highly customizable. Fast backups.
Unlimited file versions retention. Can create disk images. Cluttered interface. Annual subscription model. No Mac support.
How to Backup Mac to an External Hard Drive (Step by Step)
Lacks File Explorer integration. Simplified interface. Lots of advanced backup options. Includes Paragon's powerful disk-management tools. No continuous backup option for folders. No hosted online or mobile backup. Clear, simple interface. Easy to set up backups.
The Best Backup Software
Good set of backup options. File versions saved. Free trial. No encrypted backup option. Disaster recovery download prompted a security warning. Weak mobile app. User-friendly interface. Continuous backup. Drive migration. Fast folder backup. Creates startup rescue USB drives and discs. Slow full disk image backup. Recovery USB creator doesn't work with Windows 10 systems. NTI Backup Now 6's interface is improved, and it can protect your PC's folders and files, including system files, but it falls short of the competition when it comes to usability and speed of some operations.
Michael Muchmore is PC Magazine's lead analyst for software and web applications.