Now the Macintosh was to save Apple Computers from ruin. In its first business plan of summer , Apple had assumed that 2. However, the Mac was not brought to market until the beginning of After the community of the computer nerds at least those who could afford the first Mac had satisfied its buying frenzy, the sales of the Macintosh dropped dramatically to about 5, units per month.
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Apple boss John Sculley could not change much about this either. John Sculley. More than half of the 2, dollars for a Mac constituted profit for Apple, so that Sculley and his colleagues in the Apple management believed that the users would always be willing to pay much more for a better technology. Within these years, Apple missed the gigantic opportunity of establishing the Mac as the general industry standard. At that time, either the prices should have been cut dramatically, or a broad licensing program should have been agreed with other hardware producers.
With the introduction of Windows 3. When Steve Jobs returned to his former company in hard times by the beginning of , first as a counselor and then as a principal, the competition for the industry standard between Apple Computers and Microsoft had long been settled. With new Apple talents such as Jonathan Ive, he not only succeeded in bringing the company back on the course of success, but also in making a mark in the industry.
With the Mac, Jobs also astounded experienced pioneers of the computer industry: In order to afford the first pieces of the Apple I in , they almost literally sold the shirts off their backs.
All this article says is True. The Judge ruled both Apple and Microsoft stole in from Xerox so there was no case. Do you know any of the history behind the Macintosh team one computers? My great-uncle had one that was passed down to a cousin that has this caption on a plaque on the back of the machine with his name on it. I would love to find the origin. We purchased the MacIntosh SE system expandable that was revolutionary and priced competitively. A rough week for Apple…Legos always help….
Back to the future: Looking back as Apple looks forward. Complete System Plus Mint Condition: Named after Steve Jobs' daughter, Lisa, this was one of the final models released before the introduction of Macintosh in Complete System Lisa Mint Condition: Part Out Value Components: Internal Hard Drive. Released in January as the very first Macintosh, the k was the first personal computer to feature a Graphic User Interface, a basic feature that would define home computing for decades to come.
The k was also the first to feature a 3. Adding to its collector's value is the travel case that came with every k. M Complete Unit Mint Condition: Soaking the drive in an acetone bath overnight will restore the drive to working order! Identical to the k with the exception of its expanded memory, the k 'Fat Mac' was discontinued in when it was replaced by the ke.
It was sold to academia as the Mac ED. Complete System Mint Condition: It's new updated case came with an expansion slot for either a second internal floppy or hard drive. Complete Unit Mint Condition: Ethernet Network Card upgrade. It was also the last model to include an external drive port. Apple officially discontinued support for the Classic II in , ten years after its introduction. Apple's very first battery powered computer, the portable was a total failure when it was released in It was heavy, slow, expensive, and had no expansion capabilities.
While voted one of the worst tech gadgets of all time, the Portable holds the title as the first computer to ever send an email from space. Its overall collector's value lies in its batteries. The original lead-based batteries are no longer made, and like a car battery, permanently fail if depleted completely due to inactivity or neglect. Units that still function today often have rebuilt batteries or have been modified to use lithium-ion batteries of the same voltage.
Mint Condition: Apple's bottom-rung inaugural powerbook released in that would become the foundation of all Macbooks over the next twenty years. It has since been named the 10th greatest personal computer of all time. Complete System: Underneath the flashy facade were the workings of a basic Powerbook It was never intended to be a powerful machine but what makes it valuable is that only were ever produced. Apple's first color compact Macintosh, the Color Classic ultimately set the stage for the iMac.
1. Macintosh 128K – The First Macintosh (1984)
Essentially a Performa platform computer inside a retro Mac body, even today the Classic has a cult following not seen since the original Macintosh. Some Color Classics have been modified to include an ethernet card that can still connect to broadband networks. Released as a limited edition in , the Macintosh TV was one of the few desktops ever released in black and Apple's first attempt at computer-television integration.
Equipped with a cable TV ready tuner card and a television monitor, the TV could switch from a computer to a television set in a matter of seconds and even came with a remote control. Yet it was incapable of recording live video, only still frames. Its poor processor speed and other limitations made the unit a failure and ultimately only 10, were sold. The av was also the first to come with an internal CD Drive, stereo output, and video recording capabilities. One of many early 90s era computers prior to Steve Jobs' return to the company in Values include and models.
Before the Mac Mini, there was the G4 Cube, Apple's first attempt to build a small profile desktop computer. Unfortunately, it was a flop. Its limited capabilities and uncomfortably high price tag forced the Cube into the grave after just one year. The model was unofficially replaced by the Mac Mini. Despite its failure, the Cube did gain a cult following similar to that of 80s Macs. Developed in , the QuickTake series was one of the very first product lines of digital cameras. Considered a marketing failure at the time, its rarity makes this device highly prized by collectors.
Made famous by Sex and the City, the black G3 series laptops were the fastest available when they were launched in The were the first of Apple's laptops to feature the G3 processor. Complete System Kanga Mint Condition: Complete System Pismo Mint Condition: Being twenty years ahead of its time made the Newton a flop at its initial release. It was capable of nearly everything the iPad would later do, including word processing, phone calls, internet browsing, games, and more.
The most valuable variant was a special clear case edition.
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Original MessagePad Complete System: MessagePad Complete System: As of , values are considerably less than they were in In , Apple released the original iPhone and changed the way we looked at cell phones. The 1st generation iPhone, now obsolete, can fetch a staggering amount on eBay, depending on condition. Factory sealed units with original gift bags and receipts can sell for tens of thousands of dollars. Early Serial No: Remember, not every Macintosh is jackpot.
Many unremarkable models exist today worth just a few hundred dollars or less, for a multitude of reasons:. Against all predictions of certain failure, the iPad's success ushered in the beginning of the tablet era of computing. The 1st generation iPad established screen sizing and control placement that would make up every generation since.
Factory sealed units with early serials numbers can fetch a decent amount if the timing is right. Not every vintage computer is a jackpot. Some models happen to sell better than others. Sentimental value is not the same as resale value. Part Out vs. Complete System Some computer models are actually worth more in parts. Certain parts are highly prized like the internal floppy drive, the ram, etc. Upgrade kits are very valuable today. Different economics applied to computers in those days. The thought of buying a new computer every two years was unheard of, so the idea was that you bought it, made repairs as needed, and kept it until it completely wore out.
Macs were originally designed to be upgraded rather than replaced. By the late 80s, it became apparent that hardware limitations impeded upgrades and by the early 90s, Apple abolished upgrading altogether. Research what your computer has and it will help determine whether it is worth more as a complete unit or as a parts box. The prices contained on this page are based on successful eBay listings, not unsold listings. How to Format Your Listing The type of auction you choose greatly improves or reduces your chances for a successful sale.
When setting up your listing, use the following: Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.
I have an eMac all white in essentially mint condition. It still works but does not have original packaging, keyboard or mouse. Any ideas on the value? Any comments? My dad has a Macintosh Performa with a mouse and keyboard with a style writer II printer in good condition. Good condition on box. Not perfect on box. Looking for help on value and selling this.
I have a mackintosh lcll complete with monitor and printer all mackintosh brand new in original packaging what is the value of it. I have an Apple Macintosh Classic in mint condition. What is a value of this computer? This is a great article. Do you see a resurgence of people collecting working Apple computers as long term investments, for instance an eMac model A? I imagine the lower the number of units produced the higher the value appreciation. Would these be equally as valuable for parts? At present processing power seems the great driver of IT, though I wonder whether new ideas will decrease the need for processing power and allow for tech to evolve to allow interopability with old tech.
I have an Apple 1 previously owned by an Apple developer. It is not functional. Will I have better luck selling it on ebay or contacting an auction house? If auction house, can you recommend the best for this type of product? I have a PowerBook g4 laptop but it has a problem with the screen. At times everything will be covered in purplish blueish pixelated boxes that covers the screen. When I tried hooking up an external monitor, the same problem happened. Do you know a way to fix this? I have a Macintosh SE double disk but I don't have keyboard or cords and not sure if it works as I found it in my uncles garage when he passed away so I wanted to know how much or if it's worth anything it's dated at model number M with 1Mbyte Ram,Two k Drives.
Any brands other than Apple will not increase value much. I have a Performa I can't see it listed, it is in excellent condition I just checked it's still working has an old Quark and an old Photoshop app on it. What can I expect to get for it? Hi, I'm trying to find out how much a black Macintosh power PC is worth. Can any one help or point me in the right direction for advice.
All in working order with box. Did you know that if you open the 1st edition Macintosh , All of the original designers have their signatures on the inside of the cover including Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak. I have an old iBook, still works, date on back is Mac OS 9. I don't know if I should ship it back to San Francisco, or throw it away. Its so pretty, blue clam shell I think. I hate to do that. Raskin left the team in over a personality conflict with Jobs.
After development had completed, team member Andy Hertzfeld said that the final Macintosh design is closer to Jobs's ideas than Raskin's. Jobs's leadership at the Macintosh project did not last. Jobs commissioned industrial designer Hartmut Esslinger to work on the Macintosh line, resulting in the "Snow White" design language ; although it came too late for the earliest Macs, it was implemented in most other mid- to lates Apple computers. In , Regis McKenna was brought in to shape the marketing and launch of the Macintosh. Two days after "" aired, the Macintosh went on sale, and came bundled with two applications designed to show off its interface: MacWrite and MacPaint.
It was first demonstrated by Steve Jobs in the first of his famous Mac keynote speeches, and though the Mac garnered an immediate, enthusiastic following, some labeled it a mere "toy. This was a time-consuming task that many software developers chose not to undertake, and could be regarded as a reason for an initial lack of software for the new system. Infamous for insulting its own potential customers, the ad was not successful. While , people participated, dealers disliked the promotion, the supply of computers was insufficient for demand, and many were returned in such a bad condition that they could no longer be sold.
Although outselling every other computer, it did not meet expectations during the first year, especially among business customers. Only about ten applications including MacWrite and MacPaint were widely available,  although many non-Apple software developers participated in the introduction and Apple promised that 79 companies including Lotus, Digital Research , and Ashton-Tate were creating products for the new computer.
After one year for each computer, the Macintosh had less than one quarter of the PC's software selection—including only one word processor, two databases, and one spreadsheet—although Apple had sold , Macintoshes compared to IBM's first year sales of fewer than , PCs. Developers were required to learn how to write software that used the Macintosh's graphic user interface,  and early in the computer's history needed a Lisa 2 or Unix system to write Macintosh software.
Until third-party Pascal compilers appeared, developers had to write software in other languages while still learning enough Pascal to understand Inside Macintosh. In , the combination of the Mac, Apple's LaserWriter printer, and Mac-specific software like Boston Software's MacPublisher and Aldus PageMaker enabled users to design, preview, and print page layouts complete with text and graphics—an activity to become known as desktop publishing.
Initially, desktop publishing was unique to the Macintosh, but eventually became available for other platforms. The Macintosh's minimal memory became apparent, even compared with other personal computers in , and could not be expanded easily. It also lacked a hard disk drive or the means to easily attach one. Many small companies sprang up to address the memory issue.
It also featured a SCSI parallel interface, allowing up to seven peripherals—such as hard drives and scanners—to be attached to the machine. The Mac Plus was an immediate success and remained in production, unchanged, until October 15, ; on sale for just over four years and ten months, it was the longest-lived Macintosh in Apple's history  until the 2nd generation Mac Pro that was introduced on December 19, surpassed this record on September 18, In September , Apple introduced the Macintosh Programmer's Workshop, or MPW , an application that allowed software developers to create software for Macintosh on Macintosh, rather than cross compiling from a Lisa.
Apple began bundling both with every Macintosh. Among the many innovations in Color QuickDraw were the ability to handle any display size, any color depth, and multiple monitors. The Macintosh II marked the start of a new direction for the Macintosh, as now for the first time it had an open architecture with several NuBus expansion slots, support for color graphics and external monitors, and a modular design similar to that of the IBM PC.
It had an internal hard drive and a power supply with a fan, which was initially fairly loud. For this reason, Apple recommended users bring their SE to an authorized Apple dealer to have upgrades performed. In , Apple spun off its software business as Claris. To provide a complete office suite, Claris purchased the rights to the Informix Wingz spreadsheet program on the Mac, renaming it Claris Resolve , and added the new presentation software Claris Impact.
By the early s, Claris applications were shipping with the majority of consumer-level Macintoshes and were extremely popular. In , Claris released ClarisWorks , which soon became their second best-selling application. In , Apple sued Microsoft and Hewlett-Packard on the grounds that they infringed Apple's copyrighted GUI, citing among other things the use of rectangular, overlapping, and resizable windows. After four years, the case was decided against Apple, as were later appeals.
With the new Motorola processor came the Macintosh IIx in , which had benefited from internal improvements, including an on-board MMU. System 7 was the first Macintosh operating system to support bit addressing. Microsoft Windows 3. Finally, there was a component shortage that rocked the exponentially-expanding PC industry in , forcing Apple USA head Allan Loren to cut prices, which dropped Apple's margins. In response, Apple introduced a range of relatively inexpensive Macs in October The Macintosh Classic , essentially a less expensive version of the Macintosh SE, was the least expensive Mac offered until early Apple improved Macintosh computers by introducing models equipped with newly available processors from the 68k lineup.
Apple released their first portable computer, the Macintosh Portable in Although due to considerable design issues, it was soon replaced in with the first of the PowerBook line: As for Mac OS, System 7 introduced a form of virtual memory , improved the performance of color graphics, and gained standard co-operative multitasking. Also during this time, the Macintosh began to shed the "Snow White" design language , along with the expensive consulting fees they were paying to Frogdesign.
Apple instead brought the design work in-house by establishing the Apple Industrial Design Group , becoming responsible for crafting a new look for all Apple products. Intel had tried unsuccessfully to push Apple to migrate the Macintosh platform to Intel chips. In late , as the higher-end Macintosh desktop lineup transitioned to the ', Apple was unable to offer the ' in their top-of-the-line PowerBooks until early with the PowerBook series , several years after the first powered IBM compatible laptops hit the market which cost Apple considerable sales.
In , Intel rolled out the Pentium processors as the successor to the , while the Motorola was never released, leaving the Macintosh platform a generation behind IBM compatibles in the latest CPU technology. Notwithstanding these technical and commercial successes on the Macintosh, the falling costs of components made IBM PC compatibles cheaper and accelerated their adoption, over Macintosh systems that remained fairly expensive.
A successful price war initiated by Compaq vaulted them from third place to first among PC manufacturers in , overtaking a struggling IBM and relegating Apple to third place. Furthermore, Apple had created too many similar models that confused potential buyers. At one point, its product lineup was subdivided into Classic, LC, II, Quadra, Performa , and Centris models, with essentially the same computer being sold under a number of different names. This succeeded in increasing the Macintosh's market share somewhat, and provided cheaper hardware for consumers, but hurt Apple financially as existing Apple customers began to buy cheaper clones which cannibalized the sales of Apple's higher-margin Macintosh systems, while Apple continued to bear the burden of developing Mac OS.
Apple's market share further struggled due to the release of the Windows 95 operating system, which unified Microsoft's formerly separate MS-DOS and Windows products.
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Windows 95 significantly enhanced the multimedia capability and performance of IBM PC compatible computers, and brought the capabilities of Windows substantially nearer to parity with Mac OS. This maneuver effectively ended the clone lines, as Apple had only licensed System 7 to clone manufacturers, not Mac OS 8. In September Apple extended Umax' license allowing them to sell clones with Mac OS 8, the only clone maker to do so, but with the restriction that they only sell low-end systems.
In , Apple introduced its new iMac which, like the original K Mac, was an all-in-one computer. Its translucent plastic case, originally Bondi blue and later various additional colors, is considered an industrial design landmark of the late s. The iMac proved to be phenomenally successful, with , units sold in days.
The iMac also marked Apple's transition from the "Macintosh" name to the more simplistic "Mac". Apple completed elimination of the Macintosh product name in , when "Power Macintosh" was retired with the introduction of the Power Mac G4. Apple continued to launch products, such as the unsuccessful Power Mac G4 Cube ,  the education-oriented eMac , and the titanium and later aluminium PowerBook G4 laptop for professionals.
The original iMac used a PowerPC G3 processor, but G4 and G5 chips were soon added, both accompanied by complete case redesigns that dropped the array of colors in favor of white plastic. As of , all iMacs use aluminium cases. Mac OS continued to evolve up to version 9. Since its architecture was laid down, features that were already common on Apple's competition, like preemptive multitasking and protected memory , had become feasible on the kind of hardware Apple manufactured. Subsequent releases of Mac OS X included Apple discontinued the use of PowerPC processors in These shortcomings of the PowerPC chips were the main reasons behind Apple's transition to Intel processors, and the brand was revitalised by the subsequent boost in processing power available due to greater efficiency and the ability to implement multiple cores in Mac CPUs.
All new Macs now use x processors made by Intel , and some were renamed as a result. However, the Classic environment is now unavailable on the Intel architecture. Intel chips introduced the potential to run the Microsoft Windows operating system natively on Apple hardware, without emulation software such as Virtual PC.
The group released their software as open source and has posted it for download on their website. Classic was discontinued in Mac OS X Starting in , Apple's industrial design shifted to favor aluminum, which was used in the construction of the first MacBook Pro. Glass was added in with the introduction of the unibody MacBook Pro.
These materials are billed as environmentally friendly. According to the report, the switch might happen as early as the year Also in April , The Verge made an article  about how Intel is stagnating and not making any significant improvements to its lineup and could not compete for battery life with ARM chips, commonly found in smartphones.
Glen Sanford, Apple History , apple-history. Apple contracts hardware production to Asian original equipment manufacturers such as Foxconn and Pegatron , maintaining a high degree of control over the end product. By contrast, most other companies including Microsoft create software that can be run on hardware produced by a variety of third parties such as Dell , HP Inc. Consequently, the Macintosh buyer has comparably fewer options, but has superior integration compared to a Microsoft buyer. The current Mac product family uses Intel x processors. Apple introduced an emulator during the transition from PowerPC chips called Rosetta , much as it did during the transition from Motorola architecture a decade earlier.
The Macintosh is the only mainstream computer platform to have successfully transitioned to a new CPU architecture,  and has done so twice. Apple refers to this as a SuperDrive. Current Macs include two standard data transfer ports: Starting with the then-new iMac G5, released in October , Apple started to include built-in iSight cameras on appropriate models, and a media center interface called Front Row that can be operated by an Apple Remote or keyboard for accessing media stored on the computer.
Front Row has been discontinued as of [update] , however, and the Apple Remote is no longer bundled with new Macs. Apple was initially reluctant to embrace mice with multiple buttons and scroll wheels. Macs did not natively support pointing devices that featured multiple buttons, even from third parties, until Mac OS X arrived in While it looked like a traditional one-button mouse, it actually had four buttons and a scroll ball, capable of independent x - and y - axis movement.
Since , Apple has also offered the Magic Trackpad as a means to control Macintosh desktop computers in a way similar to laptops. The original Macintosh was the first successful personal computer to use a graphical user interface devoid of a command line. It uses a desktop metaphor , depicting real-world objects like documents and a trash can as icons on-screen. Now known as the classic Mac OS , the System software was introduced in with the first Macintosh, renamed Mac OS in , and continued to evolve until version 9. Originally, the hardware architecture was so closely tied to the classic Mac OS system that it was impossible to boot an alternative operating system.
The most common workaround, is to boot into Mac OS and then to hand over control to a Mac OS-based bootloader application. There are many popular Macintosh software applications ; many of those from large developers, such as Microsoft Office and Adobe Photoshop are actively developed for both macOS and Windows. A large amount of open-source software applications, such as the Firefox web browser and the LibreOffice office suite , are cross-platform , and thereby also run natively on macOS.
These programs allow users to run Microsoft Windows or previously Windows-only software on Macs at near native speed. Although not condoned by Apple, it is possible to run the Linux operating system using Boot camp or other virtualization workarounds. In particular, Intel-based Macs lack the A20 gate.
Since the introduction of the Macintosh, Apple has struggled to gain a significant share of the personal computer market. At first, the Macintosh K suffered from a dearth of available software compared to IBM's PC , resulting in disappointing sales in and Notwithstanding these technical and commercial successes on the Macintosh platform, their systems remained fairly expensive, making them less competitive in light of the falling costs of components that made IBM PC compatibles cheaper and accelerated their adoption.
In , upon return to Apple as interim CEO, Steve Jobs terminated the Macintosh clone program while simplifying the computer product lines. In , the release of the iMac G3 all-in-one was a great success, selling , units in days, providing a much needed boost to the ailing Macintosh platform. Starting in , Apple moved to eliminate CRT displays from its product line as part of aesthetic design and space-saving measures with the iMac G4.
However, the new iMac with its flexible LCD flat-panel monitor was considerably more expensive on its debut than the preceding iMac G3, largely due to the higher cost of the LCD technology at the time. In order to keep the Macintosh affordable for the education market and due to obsolescence of the iMac G3, Apple created the eMac in April as the intended successor; however the eMac's CRT made it relatively bulky and somewhat outdated, while its all-in-one construction meant it could not be expanded to meet consumer demand for larger monitors.
The iMac G4's relatively high prices were approaching that of laptops which were portable and had higher resolution LCD screens. Meanwhile, Windows PC manufacturers could offer desktop configurations with LCD flat panel monitors at prices comparable to the eMac and at much lower cost than the iMac G4.
For the next half-decade while Macintosh sales held steady, it would instead be the iPod portable music player and iTunes music download service that would drive Apple's sales growth. Statistics from late indicate that Apple had 2. In recent years, market share of the personal computer market is measured by browser hits, sales and installed base. If using the browser metric, Mac market share increased substantially in From to , Mac sales increased continuously on an annual basis.
Apple reported worldwide sales of 3. Industry pundits have often called attention to the Mac's relatively small market share to predict Apple's impending doom, particularly in the early and mids when the company's future seemed bleakest. Others argue that market share is the wrong way to judge the Mac's success. Apple has positioned the Mac as a higher-end personal computer, and so it may be misleading to compare it to a budget PC. Apple's small market share, then, gives the impression that fewer people are using Macs than did ten years ago, when exactly the opposite is true.
The sales breakdown of the Macintosh have seen sales of desktop Macs stayed mostly constant while being surpassed by that of Mac notebooks whose sales rate has grown considerably; seven out of ten Macs sold were laptops in , a ratio projected to rise to three out of four by In recent years, Apple has seen a significant boost in sales of Macs. Although the PC market declined, Apple still managed to ship 2. In contrast, Windows PC manufacturers generally have a wide range of offerings, selling only a portion through retail with a full selection on the web, and often with limited-time or region-specific models.
The Macintosh ranked third on the "list of intended brands for desktop purchases" for the holiday season, then moved up to second in by displacing Hewlett Packard, and in took the top spot ahead of Dell.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. This article is about the line of computers. For the fruit, see McIntosh apple. For the waterproof coat, see Mackintosh. For other uses, see McIntosh disambiguation. See also: History of Apple Inc. Main article: Timeline of Macintosh models. Comparison of Macintosh models. Macintosh hardware. Macintosh operating systems. Further information: The examples and perspective in this paragraph deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
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